The effectiveness of sensory substitution technology, such as haptic-based vibrotactile biofeedback (VBF), has been verified for balance training and rehabilitation. However, whether VBF training changes postural dynamics in older people remains unknown. This study investigated the influence of VBF training on postural dynamics during single-leg standing in older adults, using detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA). Twenty older adults participated in this study. Measurement of postural sway comprised three phases: first measurement session as a baseline test, postural training (day 1), and second measurement session (day 2). The BF group received BF training during the balance training session, while the control group practiced single-leg stance without BF. The center of pressure (CoP) trajectory was recorded in the first measurement session (pre) and second measurement session (post) at 50 Hz. DFA revealed the presence of two linear scaling regions in the CoP, indicating the presence of fast- and slow-scale fluctuations. For the BF group, slow-scale postural dynamics revealed more anti-persistent behavior after training in the anterior-posterior direction. However, the control group showed a change toward more random dynamics after training. These different influences suggest that the BF system might improve error correction strategies during single-leg standing for older adults, while single-leg standing training without the BF system might cause the loss of controllability in single-leg standing. Further, the results of the DFA are discussed in the context of balance training using VBF.
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