Tools for microbial single-cell genomics for obtaining uncultured microbial genomes

Masahito Hosokawa*, Yohei Nishikawa

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Review article査読

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The advent of next-generation sequencing technologies has facilitated the acquisition of large amounts of DNA sequence data at a relatively low cost, leading to numerous breakthroughs in decoding microbial genomes. Among the various genome sequencing activities, metagenomic analysis, which entails the direct analysis of uncultured microbial DNA, has had a profound impact on microbiome research and has emerged as an indispensable technology in this field. Despite its valuable contributions, metagenomic analysis is a “bulk analysis” technique that analyzes samples containing a wide diversity of microbes, such as bacteria, yielding information that is averaged across the entire microbial population. In order to gain a deeper understanding of the heterogeneous nature of the microbial world, there is a growing need for single-cell analysis, similar to its use in human cell biology. With this paradigm shift in mind, comprehensive single-cell genomics technology has become a much-anticipated innovation that is now poised to revolutionize microbiome research. It has the potential to enable the discovery of differences at the strain level and to facilitate a more comprehensive examination of microbial ecosystems. In this review, we summarize the current state-of-the-art in microbial single-cell genomics, highlighting the potential impact of this technology on our understanding of the microbial world. The successful implementation of this technology is expected to have a profound impact in the field, leading to new discoveries and insights into the diversity and evolution of microbes.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)69-77
ページ数9
ジャーナルBiophysical Reviews
16
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2024 2月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生物理学
  • 構造生物学
  • 分子生物学

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