The total synthesis of alcyonolide, an antitumor xenicn diterpenoid, has been achieved. The inverse electron demand hetero-Diels-Alder reaction using a dienophile possessing an electron-withdrawing group provided the endo adduct which included a condensed lactone and dihydropyran rings with the desired three stereogenic centers. After introduction of the side chain by the Negishi coupling, the lactone ring was opened to form a Weinreb amide. The sequential transformation including conversion of Weinreb amide to aldehyde, PMB to acetate, and allylation of the aldehyde gave a mixture of separable four diastereomers. The desired stereoisomer was submitted to the 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine 1-oxyl oxidation, which afforded the δ-lactone and the methyl ketone side chain. Finally, the olefin metathesis of the desired isomer gave racemic alcyonolide.
ASJC Scopus subject areas