Excitation spectra of square lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnets in magnetic fields are investigated by the spin-wave theory. It is pointed out that a rotonlike structure appears in a narrow range of magnetic fields as a result of strong nonlinear effects. It is shown that the energy gap and the mass of the "roton" are quite sensitive to the magnetic field: the roton gap softens rapidly and eventually closes as a precursor of a quantum phase transition. The possibility of the experimental observation of the roton and a new ground state after its softening are discussed.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2014 7月 17|
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