Experimental study has been performed using two different types of multipass tubes, one with 4 vertical upward passes attached to a horizontal main pipe and the other with 5 horizontal passes placed to a vertically oriented main pipe. Passes had 6 [mm] I. D., and the I. D. of main pipes were 20 [mm] for the vertical type and 6 [mm] for the horizontal type. Multipass tubes simulated evaporators for air-conditioning systems, and the refrigerant R 11 was used as the working fluid. Vapor and liquid flow rates at each pass were measured under various conditions of two-phase mixture at main pipe inlet, i. e., inlet flow rate and quality. Results suggested that measured values of flow distribution ratio presented a marked distinction between the vertical and horizontal types. On the other hand, in spite of different pass orientations, the same data trend that the flow distribution is dominated by the main tube inlet flow condition, was observed, and the flow division ratio was estimated in terms of both phase flow rates before the junction. Based on these results, the flow split model was suggested and an attempt for the prediction of flow distribution was made.
|Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers Series B
|Published - 1994
ASJC Scopus subject areas