Central venous catheterization involves venous puncture and catheter insertion for transfusions. Quantitative conditions that facilitate insertion of the needle, such as the angle and velocity of insertion, have not been clarified. We previously developed a robotic system for guiding the needle along a specified puncture path with high precision and are currently implementing a hardware design for a robotic system to assist in blood vessel puncture. In this study, we proposed the insertion angle and velocity for stopping the needle in a blood vessel, assuming that a robotic system such as ours is used during the procedure. We inserted a needle into a segment of porcine jugular vein and obtained the puncture reaction force. Evaluation indices were the magnitude of the sudden decrease in reaction force at the point at which the needle advances and the length of time that the needle is present within the vein. Results indicated that the conditions under which it was easiest to stop the needle inside the vein were an insertion angle range of 10-20 and an insertion velocity of 3 mm/s.
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