Goal: To realize intuitive, minimally invasive surgery, surgical robots are often controlled using master-slave systems. However, the surgical robot's structure often differs from that of the human body, so the arrangement between the monitor and master must reflect this physical difference. In this study, we validate the feasibility of an embodiment evaluation method that determines the arrangement between the monitor and master. In our constructed cognitive model, the brain's intraparietal sulcus activates significantly when somatic and visual feedback match. Using this model, we validate a cognitively appropriate arrangement between the monitor and master. Methods: In experiments, we measure participants' brain activation using an imaging device as they control the virtual surgical simulator. Two experiments are carried out that vary the monitor and hand positions. Conclusion: There are two common arrangements of the monitor and master at the brain activation's peak: one is placing the monitor behind the master, so the user feels that the system is an extension of his arms into the monitor; the other arranges the monitor in front of the master, so the user feels the correspondence between his own arm and the virtual arm in the monitor. Significance: From these results, we conclude that the arrangement between the monitor and master impacts embodiment, enabling the participant to feel apparent posture matches in master'slave surgical robot systems.
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