Using symbolic instances in teaching history

Keiichi Magara, Toshihiko Shindo

研究成果: Article査読


Statements taught to students can, in general, be described in proposition form, as "if it is p, then it implies q." Examples obtained by embodying the antecedent "p" are called "substitution instances." It is possible to obtain another type of example by embodying the consequent "q." We conceptualized such examples as "symbolic instances." The present experiments investigated effects of symbolic instances on the learning of historical statements. The first experiment, in which 87 fifth graders from 3 classes participated, examined the following : (1) whether symbolic instances would arouse learners' interest, (2) whether learners could accept new symbolic instances as probable, and (3) whether symbolic instances would promote learners' understanding of statements. The results supported the first of those, and partially supported the other two. The second experiment further examined whether learners could accept new symbolic instances as probable. Participants were 182 undergraduates. The results revealed that the effect could be confirmed only with new instances that were similar to the ones used in the learning sessions. The results also suggested that learners could accept new symbolic instances as probable if they learned multiple instances.

ジャーナルJapanese Journal of Educational Psychology
出版ステータスPublished - 2004 9月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 心理学(全般)
  • 発達心理学および教育心理学


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