The surface tension of a molten sample can be evaluated based on its resonant frequency with various levitation techniques. Under a 1-G condition, the use of levitation forces to counteract gravity will cause the levitated sample’s resonant frequency to differ from that under microgravity. A mathematical relationship to correct for this deviation is not available for a sample levitated with aerodynamic levitation (ADL), which raises issues on the validity of surface tension measurements done with ADL. In this study, we compared the surface tension of molten Al2O3 obtained using the front tracking (FT) simulation method, the drop-bounce method with ADL, and the oscillating drop method with ADL. The drop-bounce method simulates microgravity by allowing the sample to free-fall over a period of tens of milliseconds. Based on the results of this comparison, we determined that the surface tension of molten materials measured with ground-based ADL with the oscillating drop method, calculated using the resonant frequency of the l=2 m=0 mode, only shows a small deviation from that obtained under microgravity.
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